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Glossary - T

Glossary - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Tangible Book Value

Book value minus goodwill and intangible assets.

Technical Analysis

An analysis of a stock or future based strictly on numbers. The method includes analysis of price patterns. Don't try to understand it unless you are a maths gold medalist.

Third Stage Capital

Capital provided to an enterprise that has an established commercial production and basic marketing set-up, typically for market expansion, acquisitions, product development etc.


The tick is the direction in which the price of stock moved on its last sale. An up-tick means the last trade was at a higher price than the one before than the price was at a higher price than one before it and a down -tick means the last sale price was lower than the one before it. A zero-plus tick means the transaction was at the same price as the one before, but still higher than the nearest preceding price. The tick becomes especially important when large market movements trigger the implementation of certain circuit breakers meant to stabilize the market.


A ticker is a trading screen information display showing the current price, volume, etc of a particular stock, option, future, etc.

Ticker Symbol

A ticker symbol represents a particular security (company, option etc.) on the exchange it is trading on and is used to retrieve information about that security from that exchange. For example, the symbol “f” on the New York Stock Exchange (U.S.A) will bring you information about Ford Motor Company. “ONGC” will show you the information of the Oil and Natural Gas Commission on the National Stock Exchange of India. Ticker symbols can be used to retrieve information from a financial publication such as your daily paper's business section. Today, ticker symbols can be submitted to an electronic ticker quote retrieval system to find information about a particular security instantly.


A technical analysis term meaning the stock price is going down from here.

Total liabilities

All monies owed regardless of how classified on the balance sheet. The best measure of a firm's total debt.


An employee of a broker/dealer or other financial institution who specializes in handling purchases and sales of securities for the firm or its clients.

Trailing Twelve Months (TTM)

The last four reported quarters.

Transaction Costs

The costs of trading securities, including the broker's commission and taxes. Commission varies with the size of the trade.

Treasury Bills

Shorts-term debt issued by the central government, sold at a discount and redeemed at full face value.

Treasury Notes

Debt securities issued by the central government that mature over a specified number of years.

Turnover Rate

Turnover is the relationship between the float and the average monthly volume of a stock. The higher the turnover rate, the more volatile the stock and the greater potential for wider swings in price (both ways).

Turnover Ratio

How often a mutual fund changes its portfolio holdings. 100 per cent turnover means a fund, on average, changes all the stocks in its portfolio once a year.